Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast grow out of control, according to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. These cells usually form a tumor that can be seen on an x-ray or felt as a lump. Breast cancer can also spread or metastasize to other parts of the body.
Early detection is important as it makes breast cancer treatment easier. A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast that can detect breast cancer even before a lump is felt. A mammogram is recommended annually after the age of 50 years. However, high risked females may have a test at the age of 45 years, and if normal repeat test at the age of 50 years.
A breast self-exam is recommended for breast awareness, as it helps you understand the normal look and feel of your breasts. While doing your self-exam if a change is noted in your breasts that seems abnormal, you can report it to your doctor.
Women may begin doing their breast self-exam each month after the age of 20 years. The exam may be done a few days after the monthly period when the breast is less tender.
Here are some links on how to perform your breast self-exam:
Information provided by Mrs. Tian Palmer-McKoy
College Nurse, EMCVPA